Masā’il regarding Takbīr Tashrīq by Muftī Salmān Mansūrpūrī (May Allāh preserve him)

Ruling of Takbīr Tashrīq after Farḍ Ṣalāh

It is wājib (compulsory) to recite the takbīr tashrīq once after every far alāh. The words are as follows:

اَللهُ أَكْبَر اَللهُ أَكْبَر ، لَا إِلٰهَ إلَّا اللهُ، وَاللهُ أَكْبَر اَللهُ أَكْبَر، وَ لِلّٰهِ الْحَمْدُ.

Allāh is the greatest, Allāh is the greatest. There is no god besides Allāh and Allāh is the greatest. Allāh is the greatest and for Allāh is all praise.

Time of Takbīr Tashrīq

It is wājib on men to recite the takbīr tashrīq loudly, and on women to recite it softly after every far alāh from the Fajr of the 9th of Dhul-Hijjah until the ʿAṣr of the 13th of Dhul-Hijjah

Takbīr Tashrīq after ʿEīd Ṣalāh[1]

There is a consensus on the permissibility and establishment of the takbīr tashrīq after the ʿEīd alāh. However, there is a difference regarding its wujūb (obligation) or istihbāb (desirability). The preferred opinion is of wujūb.

How many times should the Takbīr Tashrīq be recited?

In principle it is wājib to recite the takbīr tashrīq once. However, there is no problem if anyone recites it more than once.

On whom is Takbīr Tashrīq Wājib?

Takbīr tashrīq is wājib on [every bāligh person whether] a muqīm (resident), musāfir (traveller), munfarid (one who is performing alāh alone), one who is performing alāh in congregation, a woman, one who resides in a city, or one who resides in a village.

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If someone forgets to say the Takbīr Tashrīq

It is wājib to say the takbīr tashrīq [immediately after every far alāh]. [If one forgot to say it, but they are still sitting in the place they performed alāh, then they must say it. However][2] if an obstacle occurs [which separates it from the alāh and prevents binā]2, for instance, the person exits the masjid,[3] spoke to someone (whether deliberately or not), or voluntarily broke their wuū, in all these situations, the takbīr tashrīq will fall off.

On the other hand, if someone’s wuū broke involuntarily (after the salām of alāh), they will still say the takbīr tashrīq. If someone had already turned their chest away from the qiblah, [but is still in the masjid3], then there are two narrations regarding its ruling. Out of caution, one should recite it.

Takbīr Tashrīq for a Masbūq

Takbīr tashrīq is wājib on a masbūq (one who missed a rakʿah or more in congregation) as well. He will say it after completing his missed rakʿāts.

Takbīr Tashrīq on Women

Takbīr tashrīq is wājib on women as well, however, they will say it very softly.

[Kitābul Masā’il Vol.2 Pg.478-480]

[1] Added from Aḥsanul Fatāwā Vol.4 Pg.145

[2] Addition from Aḥsanul Fatāwā Vol.4 Pg.145 & Ad-Durr Mukhtār                                     

[3] If ṣalāh is performed in congregation in a place other than a sharʿī masjid, then the boundary of ‘masjid’ will be the parameters of the immediate room. In the case of a person performing ṣalāh alone, male or female, the boundary of ‘masjid’ will be the area or distance of their sajdah from all four sides. If they had a sutrah in front of them, then the sutrah would be the boundary for the front. [Raddul Muḥtār Vol.4 Pg.9, Durr Pg.10]                                                                                  

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